Luzmariana Iacono: Xavier Cortada 2021

“My socially-engaged environmental art practice aims to help address the problem at hand… I engage my neighbors as problem-solvers who will learn together and work together now to plan and better prepare (themselves and their heirs) for the chaos to come” 

Xavier Cortada


Luzmariana Iacono in Doral, Florida, 2021

Luzmariana Iacono is an enthusiastic and passionate student in her junior year at the honors College in Florida International University. She is majoring in Marketing and International Business with the hopes of using the skills and lessons learned for her own future business and career. She is a Skin Care specialist and Makeup Artist who is striving to grow in the beauty industry by working as a Freelancer for Makeup and at a franchise to become an expert in waxing. They say beauty is in the eye of the beholder, and she sees the beauty of art in nature, through sculptures, and just in artistic concepts that are yet to be developed. 


Xavier Cortada in Cessy, France.

Artist Xavier Cortada was born of Cuban parents in New York but grew up in Miami since the age of three. Usually people say that if someone predominantly uses the left part of the brain, which is in charge of reasoning and seeing reality objectively, then it is uncommon for them to activate the right brain for creativity. Obviously it is not impossible, but I find it interesting that Mr. Cortada studied three degrees that have nothing to do with art; he obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from the University of Miami, a Master in Public Administration from Miami Herbert Business School, and finally a Doctorate from University of Miami School of Law.  It was his career and background that led him to choose art as a way to fight for social justice issues and environmental changes. According to his manager Adam Roberti, it was his “tough upbringing (that gave him a position of) leadership and problem solver. There was a turning point for him, when the “State department asked him to go an international speaking tour to build community… through it he saw the power of art to be this collaborative, creative, empathetic tour.” Art is truly powerful as through it you can teach, inspire, and lead an entire community which is what artist Cortada is accomplishing. 


Mr. Cortada is a multifaceted artist, lawyer, and environmental activist who brings his personality and interests along in his work. He is known for his problem solving skills in different areas of his life, starting from a personal perspective when he was a young adult up to his professional life with his initiatives as a leader. It was his drive to make a change that brought him to be nominated by the Miami Herald as one of its 50 Florida Influencers because he reasoned that when you combine two areas of study (in his case science and art), “you get more dynamic results, you can move forward faster.” (Berg, 2019). He is correct indeed because everything is interconnected. For example, business leaders have such a strong influence on society because depending on how they bring forth their ideas – whether in a sustainable manner or not – people will follow. In fact, one way in which he collaborated in bringing awareness to this was by securing the donation “of 100 salt-tolerant plants from the Frost Science Museum for business students to plant in low-lying areas of Miami.” This allowed students to learn early on that they are in a position to make an impact and implement sustainable practices in their future as business leaders. 

Another issue he also tried to address relates to migration. As a son of Cuban immigrants and as someone who lives in Miami surrounded by people from different cultures, he emphasized that one of the most disastrous consequences of climate change is the migration of millions of people who “will flee their homelands within 50 years to escape rising seas, crop failures, and water scarcities.” (Berg, 2019) This is such a broad topic to tackle but his take on it focused on allowing the University of Miami to provide help in the area of housing by hopefully utilizing “the School of Communication’s big data visualizations to understand the trends, and then help community leaders plan for this migration.” Not only this is such a clever approach but it is also effective because with enough research, people can come to solutions. Knowledge is power. 

The driving force behind his willingness to merge different mediums and knowledge to bring awareness is his curiosity towards the world and his desire to make it a better place. He demonstrates that through every project and as he likes to explain “art is his medium, science his muse, but solving problems is his second nature,” but merging all three pursuits was possible through his experience as an undergrad at UM. He wants future scholars to have a similar experience, an awakening, something that helps them “shatter assumptions and find the commonalities between disciplines that help people understand the world, and advance human knowledge.” 


Photo posted on Cortada’s official Instagram page (xcortada), 22 March 2021

Who could be a better advocate for cultural diversity than someone who has been living in Miami for his whole life? Although he is an American artist and lawyer, viewers can notice the Latino influence in his artwork and projects. In particular the “Reclamation Project” which started in 2006 up to the present has a metaphor with the history of immigrants in Florida. Through this ecological art project, he has motivated Floridians in learning about the disappearance of Florida native vegetation by allowing them to plant mangrove propagules; he associates the seeds to the life of an immigrant, who floats to a new shore to contribute to a fertile new home community. As mangroves become a symbol to him, they became a central theme in several commissioned mural-sized paintings. One of his most recent projects, however, more directly represents his national identity as he launched the “Arts Resilient 305” initiative to spread awareness about the impact of climate change in Miami-Dade County. Through this project he tackles the environmental issues that threaten our community in three steps: first a social media campaign that shares information curated by the “Arts and Green Opportunities;” second, the Resilient Arts Prizes and Fellowships will serve to sponsor local models and best practices for art in Miami-Dade County; lastly, the Department will promote opportunities for action and advocacy at local, state, federal and international levels. (Hernandez-Constenla, 2019). These are just a few examples of how much Mr. Cortada is involved with the community, representing people from different cultures, and striving to ameliorate the current environmental condition in Miami.  


Xavier Cortada in front of the “Hasta Cuando?” mural in Philadelphia, 1996

Artist Xavier Cortada focuses on several subjects in his artwork, the main ones being justice and environmental sustainability. As far as projects towards justice, he worked on “Hasta Cuando?” in 1996, which was a beautiful mural located in Philadelphia depicting a Mother’s day card that told a very heartwarming story. A 16 year old was shot by a rival gang member as he sprayed his name on a wall, demonstrating that death can catch you at any time if you are wandering through the streets where violence is so prevalent amongst teenagers and adults. This mural brings the conversation of drug culture, fear coming both from mothers and children who live in the community and helplessly ask themselves “Hasta Cuando?” Spanish for “Until when?”. Artist Cortada is an attorney who has worked with youth in juvenile violence prevention programs in Miami, and associating such intricate issues with art has really made a statement. Another mural that focused on spreading awareness and giving voice to the ones who most need it is the “Trapped” mural which was presented on June 21, 2002 at the Florida Bar Public Interest Law Section Luncheon in Boca Raton. This mural is part of a project that he worked on with adolescents in South Florida who resided in a psychiatric treatment facility and represents their “voice” and concerns, which was followed by another mural entitled “May it Please the Court” this time being a solo exhibit in the Supreme Court of Florida. Once again, Artist Cortada gives art a legal twist by actually making the artwork speak for itself and make a statement that spurs conversation amongst the community. 

Another prominent subject in his artwork is environmental sustainability, and most of his featured projects are relating to this. “Underwater HOA” is an amazing art project that brings the community together to combat sea-level rise. His statement towards this project explains that it encourages Florida residents to install what would be a yard sign on their front lawn to show how many feet of melting glacial water must rise before their property is underwater. He is highly motivated and encourages others through this wake up call as he states “by mapping the crisis to come, I make the invisible visible. Block by block, house by house, neighbor by neighbor, I want to make the future impact of sea level rise something no longer possible to ignore.”


Longitudinal Installation by Xavier Cortada at the South Pole, 2007

Artist Cortada utilizes a variety of mediums to bring forth his ideas and project initiatives to the community. He is well known for his murals, whether it be using paint or even ceramic flat tiles for the El Manglar and the Miami Mangrove Forest murals. He has some works on paper, and some performances recorded, but what inspires him the most is nature itself and he utilizes it as a canvas when creating a statement and to spur conversation. In one of his most famous installations, he utilized shoes to tell a story regarding the impact of climate change to people’s lives and the world we live in. He placed 24 shoes in a circle around the South Pole (in 2007) and the North Pole (in 2008) along the respective longitude lines and recited a statement of those people who have been affected by climate change. Also, when the Covid-19 pandemic hit, he took advantage of the power of social media to maintain the community active and allow them to participate virtually with the projects “Florida is Nature” and “Letters to the Future”. The first one asks Instagram followers to take a photograph, paint, or draw Florida’s natural beauty and then share it along with the slide “Florida is…” found on his Instagram page and tag him. Similarly with “Letters to the Future,” using the same process, followers are called to write a letter to someone living 100 years from present day and imagine how climate change will impact their life. Not only this initiative is very innovative and a new approach to collaborative art, but it also serves as a great marketing tool for both the artist and those pages who choose to participate in the artwork – they will be exposed to a new network of artists and hopefully grow in the art community, if they wish to pursue art. 


Xavier Cortada, “Sunburst Woodstorks,” in Stirrup Plaza II, Coconut Grove

Cortada has been commissioned to create public art across six continents. His work has traveled with him as he utilized innovative art solutions to address the relationship between humans and the environment. He has worked on several public art commissions in Miami-Dade County, Broward County, in the Frost Art Museum, Florida Botanical Gardens, and North Key Largo Fire Station among others. Viewers can also appreciate his permanent collections in selected museums such as the Perez Art Museum, the NSU Museum of Art, the Patricia and Philip Frost Art Museum, in The World Bank, and even in the Department of State Art Collection. He has traveled extensively and left a part of his work everywhere he went, even digitally he leaves a mark and continues to spread awareness to the incurring issues with the environment. 


Most of my life I looked at art and thought of it as a beautiful, often misunderstood extension of the artist’s perspective of the world. Artists view life differently, and I was used to the philosophical approach to things, the psychology behind a piece and the inevitable representation of emotion through it. However, with Xavier Cortada I learned that art has no limits and it can serve as an essential part of spreading awareness about real things happening in the world right now. He makes art relatable and allows others to participate in his works, collaborating with him to create something and be actively involved in the community whether it be by creating a mural or planting mangroves. Through his art installations and projects, he gives viewers an essential role in his final result because his main focus has always been to make the world a better place in any way possible. Social injustice, poverty, health, and environmental risks are at the centerpiece of his work and I couldn’t agree more about his statements for each of them. I am usually not a “nature” person, I am afraid of many things that are unknown to me, but art is an universal language that allows everyone to have a say in the world surrounding us – Xavier Cortada facilitates this process.   

Works Cited

 Berg, Julia D. “Problem Solving Is Second Nature: Staff: Faculty and Staff News: University of Miami.” University of Miami,

Cortada Studio & Projects. “Xavier Cortada .” Xavier Cortada, 22 Mar. 2021,

Hernandez-Constenla, Liliana. “Arts Resilient 305” Initiative Launched by the Miami-Dade County Department of Cultural Affairs, 21 June 2019,

Luzmariana Iacono: Miami Service Project 2021

Art Service Project Spring 2021: Luzmariana Iacono


Luzmariana Iacono in Doral, Florida, 2021 

Luzmariana Iacono is an enthusiastic and passionate student in her junior year at the honors College in Florida International University. She is majoring in Marketing and International Business with the hopes of using the skills and lessons learned for her own future business and career. She is a Skin Care specialist and Makeup Artist who is striving to grow in the beauty industry by working as a Freelancer for Makeup and at a franchise to become an expert in waxing. They say beauty is in the eye of the beholder, and she sees the beauty of art in nature, through sculptures, and just in artistic concepts that are yet to be developed. 



Feeding South Florida is a private nonprofit organization founded in 1981. It is the largest food back that serves Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, and Monroe Counties. Their mission is to end hunger in South Florida by providing meals to those who most need it: whether it be children, older adults, working poor, single parents, veterans, and former neighbors. In terms of numbers, through direct-service programs and donations, Feeding South Florida has distributed nearly 119 million pounds of food to over 706,000 individuals – the majority of them being children and older adults. Their vision is to at least allow those families who are struggling to switch from a dependency status to self-sufficient, which is extremely important now that the pandemic has taken a toll on the overall health and wealth of the state. They are members of the Feeding America network of food banks and administer the Farmers Feeding Florida program. They have three major programs: Feed, Lead, and Strengthen. The first one is the one I decided to attend (General Food Distribution), which focuses on distributing food from a variety of donors to those in need. Seniors have the ability to receive their food box directly at home, and the Disaster Relief event occurs at shelters to aid them during the pre-stage and in the post-storm. 


I discovered this volunteering opportunity when I was in high school and have been participating in different occasions throughout the years. It does not particularly relate to my major, but having enough food to eat on a daily basis is a need that no human should be deprived of. I believe that instead of mainly donating money to associations, what makes a volunteering opportunity really personal is doing the work in person. Whether it be packing the boxes, or in this case distributing them to each car that passed by made me realize that kindness is really all we have for a community to thrive. It is definitely an interest of mine because I know the food is reaching those people, I can see the effect it has on them when they say “thank you” with a warm smile, and given the current circumstances created by Covid-19 it is the best way I could help and connect with others. 


Besides being part of the honors college, I have been a member of the National Society of Collegiate Scholars for about 2 semesters and will be until I graduate. Out of all the events they sponsor, I decided to participate in this volunteering opportunity because I already knew what the organization was about, how they were helping the community, and how committed and professional they are. I was able to meet Mr. Christopher Zegarra, who is the District Secretary in the Florida House of Representatives. He was leading the event and made sure every volunteer knew the importance of this drive-through distribution by giving us all the details and inviting us to the next event. 


April 9th, 2021 

In this most recent event I attended, we distributed boxes of food that contained dairy products like milk, cheese, yogurt and other supplies like chicken, hot dogs, and tangerine as a fruit. This was a walk-in event that lasted for about 4 hours due to the amount of people that showed up. That day we distributed an average of 1000, almost 2000 boxes of food to approximately 320 cars. In the past when I participated there were definitely more cars, but since these events occur every Friday morning it is normal not to work with the same amount of people. In the past, I also participated in the assembling section of this distribution process, where we had to select the food supplies and create the boxes ourselves. What I found interesting about that opportunity is that the vegetables we were using were residues from local farms, but they looked good as ever (they were not spoiled but people refused to buy them). For this project however, I focused on distributing the boxes that were already assembled and I am looking forward to serving the community through these events more often. 

Picture taken and edited by Luzmariana Iacono of FIU, featuring the content inside the boxes and the drive-through process. Located in front of the Miami-Dade County Fair & Exposition space area on April 9th, 2021. 



My experience volunteering with Feeding South Florida was positive and it made me reflect on current issues. After the pandemic hit, those food drives became even more important for people, since more people lost their jobs and might be struggling to get back on their feet. I noticed that on this occasion we were able to distribute two boxes per person, and those who had only one ticket they were kind in asking for a second box – since there were not many people, we were able to give that extra help. Maybe not everyone who showed up really needed the box because they were driving a Tesla, for example, but I am sure that everything that is done with good intentions and from the heart will have its reward. While researching more about Feeding South Florida, I learned about their Hunger 101 program that it is suitable for small and large groups. They offer interactive team-building and educational activities to demonstrate how impactful and real hunger and poverty can be even in the most rich countries. I believe that the  “Poverty Simulation” and “Market Mania” activities could be presented to high-school and college students in the attempt to raise awareness around the issue. The poverty simulation clarifies certain misconceptions about poverty and inspires change while learning more about the community. The Market Mania simulation reminds me of the beginning stages of the pandemic, when shelves in the supermarket were empty and people were desperate to find the right products (even if they were overpriced). In this simulation, people will be placed in a position of a family who goes grocery shopping on a limited budget to notice how much nutritious food can actually be purchased. Both initiatives, amongst other great ones offered by FSF, could easily be implemented in schools and in businesses. They increase awareness and start conversations that can actually lead to change. If we all take some type of action, maybe the world could actually be a better place. 

Sources: “Feeding South Florida.” FEEDING SOUTH FLORIDA, 

Luzmariana Iacono: Miami Service 2020

Student Bio

Luzmariana Iacono is a driven individual in her junior year at the honors College in Florida International University. She is double majoring in Marketing and International Business and is passionate about the entrepreneurial aspect of business. Artistic by nature, Luzmariana recently started her own career in the beauty industry as a professional Makeup Artist with a specialisation in Editorial and Avant-Garde makeup.

Art and Science raise awareness: Artist Lauren Shapiro at Bakehouse Art Complex  

Image Taken by Andrea Sofia at Bakehouse Art Complex

An Art lover and enthusiast understands that there is always a deeper meaning behind every project, and even the most simple and beautiful pieces and installations can bring in rather serious and alarming truth. Wynwood is known for its beautiful Wynwood walls and a fun environment to spend the evening with friends and family. Looks can be deceiving though, because the exterior look of the Bakehouse Art Complex is a vibrant yellow and black building yet it transforms into a beautiful working space that tells the story of different artists in residence. I was surprised when I found clay attached to some wooden walls in one of the major spaces of the complex; I was intrigued to learn more about the project because it seemed that the clay looked like corals, and as an ocean lover I was captivated by the idea. 

Lauren Shapiro is the leading artist in charge of this project, which more than a simple ceramic installation, it is an initiative to raise awareness to the environmental issues that are affecting coral reefs. She is passionate about nature and traveled around the world, meeting with scientists to research more about the current status of coral reefs: why are they dying? climate change, and ocean acidification are the detrimental factors of such a situation. Raising awareness is one of the first and most important steps to take when wanting to solve an environmental issue and that is why she decided to start this project and ask people from the community to volunteer and connect with reality by molding clay. 

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

Photo Taken by Luzmariana Iacono at Bakehouse Art Complex

The project itself consists of molding clay, which she collected and recycled from different institutions, in the form of corals by utilizing silicon-based stencils from real corals.The idea was to fill in several wooden walls with the coral-shaped clay to simulate a Coral Reef. I discovered about this opportunity through one of the visits with the Art Society Conflict class and I loved the fact that we were actually able to work with the clay and not merely watch someone else give a demonstration. That class was very interactive, and even if I am not majoring in Art, I have always loved to try different mediums to create art and express myself. In this case, I was bringing to light someone else’s idea and not mine, but I was so inspired by Ms. Shapiro’s perspective on the subject that I decided to reach out again. I was able to contact Ms. Shapiro after and decided to volunteer because I sincerely enjoyed the process and meaning behind the project. Upon our first meeting with the class, she gave such a detailed and passionate explanation of her idea, but she also mentioned that due to COVID-19 lockdown the progress was slower than expected but there was still hope to finish by the exhibition date. I understood her sense of urgency, the message she wanted to convey, and I felt inspired when working with the community to bring forward an important message. 

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

Since I enjoyed the process, I researched whether or not the Bakehouse Art Complex offered any other workshops like this one or the opportunity to volunteer in another project; I learned that they offer wheel-throwing and hand building classes and materials are included. Unfortunately they are currently cancelled because of the pandemic, but they will resume with their activities in the future. However, they used Zoom Sessions to keep us connected as they hosted events entitled “Art+Activism” to discuss current topics and further analyze how art can impact society. 

I am really thankful for having found this opportunity because I was able to really connect with amazing individuals, artists that have a vision, and work with art in a meaningful way. When Ms. Shapiro was expressing her ideas and what motivated her, what stood out to me was that I finally found the response to the common misconception that Art and Science are two unrelated topics. In reality, they are not because art is not only meant to be pleasing to the eye, but its purpose is also to inform people and it is the only universal language that evokes an emotion regardless of speech barriers. Art is Science’s translator in this case because the project is communicating an environmental issue through molded clay. I would love to participate in a similar project and creative initiative, maybe even utilizing a different medium, but I am definitely looking forward to creating art with a purpose. 

Source Cited: 

Shapiro, Lauren. “CV/Contact.” Lauren Shapiro, 

Luzmariana Iacono: ASC See Miami Fall 2020

The NSU Art Museum in Fort Lauderdale


Luzmariana Iacono in Doral, Florida, 2020

Luzmariana Iacono is a driven individual in her junior year at the honors College in Florida International University. She is double majoring in Marketing and International Business and is passionate about the entrepreneurial aspect of business. Artistic by nature, Luzmariana recently started her own career in the beauty industry as a professional Makeup Artist with a specialization in Editorial and Avant-Garde makeup.


The NSU Art Museum is located in South Florida Art Coast (1 E Las Olas Blvd, Fort Lauderdale) right next to the amazing Las Olas Boulevard, which is characteristic for its shops, galleries, and al fresco dining options. Thanks to a cultural partnership with other museums, performing arts centers, and music entertainment, the Riverwalk Arts & Entertainment Consortium brings joy and a fun experience both by day or by night by allowing people to walk around along the New River in downtown Fort Lauderdale to enjoy different activities and shops. There are different parking options around the area including public parking, city park garage, parking meters, and handicapped/disabled parking is FREE for up to 4 hours.


Luzmariana Iacono at NSU Art Museum, Fort Lauderdale, December 2020. Photo Taken by Alfonso Montero

The NSU Art Museum was founded in 1958 and since then it has become the perfect destination for viewing exhibitions that come from all around the world – which fits perfectly with the multicultural reality that is Miami. The museum’s permanent collection was established with acquisitions of American and European paintings and sculpture, Pre-Columbian, African, and Native American art. It holds the largest collection of Cobra art and several strong collections of works by Latin American and Cuban artists. However, the museum was not always this successful, as it suffered a fire incident in 1967 that destroyed valuable artworks by George Inness, Rufino Tamayo and Diego Rivera, which meant relocating the museum. After struggling to find a home base, in 1984 it finally found the perfect place and in 2008 the museum began a partnership with Nova Southeastern University.


From the NSU Art Museum Website: 

“The mission of NSU Art Museum is to provide exceptional opportunities to access, learn from and be inspired by the highest level of visual artistic expression throughout time and from around the world, and to engage a wide audience by offering diverse and innovative exhibitions, dynamic education and public programs, and by developing an exceptional collection, and fostering original research and intellectual inquiry.”

What this mission strives to communicate is that the NSU Art Museum is committed to bringing art from all around the world and of different times. Given the variety of art exhibitions and collections, guests receive a full dynamic and innovative experience upon entering the museum. It fosters original research and offers public programs and education to enrich the curious mind.


Coronavirus Update: the museum reopened to the public on Tuesday, September 15. Meanwhile the opening times will respect the schedule, the capacity of the museum is reduced (at 25%) for the safety of all visitors, staff, and volunteers. There are also new health and safety procedures and guidelines, including social distancing, face coverings, enhanced cleaning and disinfection protocols. In-person tours are currently limited to smaller groups and upon inquiry; live tours are available by contacting the group sales office or through email.

Museum Hours: The museum is open Tuesday – Saturday from 11 a.m – 5 p.m. Sunday hours are from 12 p.m to 5 pm, Monday is the only day closed. 

“Sunny Days”: Free Admission the first Thursday of every month 11 a.m – 5 p.m; initiative presented by AutoNation. 

General Admission Ticket Fees: 

Adults: $12

Seniors and Military: $8 

Students (13-17) and college students (with a valid ID): $5

FREE for NSU Art Museum Members, NSU students, faculty and staff, and children 12 and under. 

Membership Levels and Benefits: 

Student ($25 with valid student ID)

100% Charitable Contribution 

  • Includes Individual Member benefits  

Educator ($55 with valid educator ID

100% Charitable Contribution 

  • Includes Individual Member benefits  

NSU Alumni Membership ($55) 

100% Charitable Contribution 

  • Includes Individual Member benefits  

Individual Membership ($80): 

100% Charitable Contribution 

  • Free, unlimited general admission
  • Free or discounted admission to Museum programs
  • 10% discount at the Museum Store & Cafe 
  • Opportunity to join Docents, Beaux Arts, Friends Auxiliary groups

Museum Enthusiast/ Family ($160) 

  • $10 Value of Goods & Services 
  • Includes Individual level benefits 
  • Membership benefits for a family ( 2 adults and children 13-18 years old) 
  • Two complementary Museum guest passes
  • Free admission and select member benefits to cultural institutions within NARM

Patron ($525) 

  • $50 Value of Goods & Services 
  • Includes Enthusiast/Family level benefits 
  • Select Miami Art Week perks
  • 10 complimentary Museum guest passes

Benefactor ($1,075) 

  • $50 Value of Goods & Services
  • Includes Patron level benefits 
  • Special annual donor reception
  • Priority notice for lectures and performances
  • Membership in the NSU President’s Associates 
  • 15 complimentary Museum guest passes

Collectors Circle ($5,000) 

  • $225 Value of Goods & Services
  • Includes Benefactor level benefits
  • Private, guided tours of select exhibitions, collections or galleries with Museum Director and Chief Curator
  • Opportunity to vote on new Museum Acquisitions 
  • Recognition on Annual Donor Wall in Museum lobby 
  • 25 complimentary Museum guest passes

Cobra Circle (By-Invitation only $525) 

  • $50 Value of Goods & Services 
  • Includes Patron level benefits 
  • Members play a leadership role in the Museum’s future, and the events and programs hosted provide educational and social opportunities.
    • Exclusive invitations to those events and tours of private collections

One East Society Individual ($150) / Dual ($250) 

  • $10 Value of Goods & Services
  • Includes Museum Enthusiast/Family level benefits 
  • Exclusive invitation to One East Society events and other customized programming for art enthusiasts (ages 21 – 40) 


NSU Art Museum has an extensive collection of more than 7,500 works, and it has recently received a generous gift of 100 works from the contemporary art collection of David Horvitz and Francie Bishop Good. The permanent collection embraces culture in all of its shapes and forms (works of Latin-American and Cuban modern contemporary art), and it values the work of several women artists.

Andy Warhol, Mao Tse-tung, 1972 . Photo taken by Luzmariana Iacono

Andy Warhol was considered part of the Pop Art movement and was known for using imagery from popular culture and mass media. He began working on this series of portraits of Mao Zedong after President Richard M. Nixon visited China in 1972. This turning point gave the opportunity to discuss diplomatic relations between Communist China and the U.S. 

Teresita Fernandez, Dew,  2003. Photo Taken by Luzmariana Iacono

This wall assemblage formed by small acrylic cubes in different shades to represent evaporating dew can leave the viewer perplexed. It is beautiful, but what does it mean? The author aims to explain that touch is a more reliable sense than sight and it has always been the way that infants first approach the world. Starting from the psychological explanation that perception is relative and sight is unreliable, touch seems to be a more exciting and curious way to interact with art and the world around us. 

Glenn Ligon, Untitled (I live on my shadow), 2009. Photo taken by Luzmariana Iacono  

Glenn Ligon gained recognition in 1989 for his paintings that consisted of text coming from literature and other sources. He explores American history, literature, and socio-economic circumstances through conceptual art and paintings. What I love the most about this neon sign is that the initial reaction to it was “this person is an introvert, mysterious” but in reality it refers to abolitionist Sojourner Truth’s carte de visite (1864). Truth was a former slave who would sell his photographs to tell his story, in fact, shadow refers to photography and he was living on that truth. It was an empowering move for him, and Glenn Ligon wanted to tell that story through these neon signs. 


I Paint my Reality: Surrealism in Latin America

One of the displays featured in the second floor, dedicated to Latin American Surrealism. Photo taken by Luzmariana Iacono

Among the different exhibitions that will be on view until 2021, this one mostly caught my attention for its unique title and exceptional work as in the avant-garde Surrealist style. This exhibition follows the features works by Leonora Carrington, Frida Kahlo, Wifredo Lam, Roberto Matta, Carlos Merida, Amelia Pelaez among others. It is significant to the museum because it examines the Surrealist movement in Latin America in the 1930s and its continued impact today. The amount of imagery showcased in the different artworks is mesmerizing, as they also focus on topics such as dreams, mythologies, magical cultures, and indigenous cultures. 

Pablo Cano, Lady Liberty and St. Catherine, 2001. Photo taken by Luzmariana Iacono

Pablo Cano is known for utilizing marionettes, constructs, and stages them in elaborate performances to represent connections with mythical goddesses, or to symbolize political, religious, and visual significance as it is the case with Lady Liberty  and St. Catherine.

Cesar Menendez, La Fiesta del Disfraz, 1992. Photo Taken by Luzmariana Iacono

Cesar Menendez expresses through art various aspects of his culture by including religious processions of priests and other religious figures and costumes. This artwork might make the viewer feel uneasy and wonder what the meaning behind such figures is. These are aspects of Surrealism and Magical Realism.

Transitions and Transformations 

Transitions and Transformations transforms Remember to React, which was a previous installation in the museum. This exhibition will continue to change over the year as new works are added and removed. They all follow the same topic though: time and its changes.

Genevieve Gaignard, Nothing Can Dim The Light That Shines From Within, 2018. Photo Taken bu Luzmariana Iacono

One beautiful lady, with flowers protruding from her head. One interpretation could be growth, new ideas, and the representation of femininity. However, what the artist aims to explore is also issues of race, class, and the feeling of not fitting in. As a daughter of a mixed-racial couple she could identify with anxieties of intersectional identity. 


The NSU Art Museum offers: 

  • “Sunny Days” – Free Admission the first Thursday of every month 11 a.m – 5 p.m
  • Group tours
  • Virtual tours
  • At-Home art activities 
  • Art talks and events
  • Creativity exploration (offering prompts to inspire creative ideas and promote self-discovery).
  • Education resources 


Alfonso Montero, Miami Resident and FIU student 

Is it the first time that you visit this museum? What brought you here today?

  • I found it interesting when researching different museums around the area, and I thought I could check it out. 

What was your favorite part of the museum?

  • I really liked the modern art exhibits, the Surrealism section showing all the different viewpoints they had. I was not much of a fan of the drawings section but a lot of the pieces were interesting and diverse. The charcoal piece by Nathalie Alfonso was an amazing abstract art and it was a good way to bring some permanent fixtures that can seamlessly blend into any sort of exhibit they decide to put there. 

What have you learned from this museum? 

  • Some of the backstories of the artists were interesting. I remembered some of the pieces from the Mexican artist from the 1930’s and 1940’s were interesting because I was able to see the mentality of people based on the era they lived and where they lived in. 


Cathy Iglesias, Front Desk Assistant at the NSU Art Museum 

How long have you been working here? And what has attracted you to this museum in particular? 

  • I have been working here for a year and a few months. This museum is closer to my home and my other job, it is very flexible with my school schedule and they are very accommodating. 

Are you studying anything relating to art? Why is this museum special in its own way?

  • Not at the moment, but I did art for 4 years in high school and enjoyed it. I feel like this museum is very diverse because we have the Latin American Surrealism, for example, and we have the new art South Florida which allows local artists from 3 counties (West Palm Beach, Broward, and Miami) to have exhibits here now as well. 

Given the current situation with the pandemic right now, how many visitors do you receive on a daily basis?

  • It could be as low as 10 people to 50 or 60 on average. The weekends are more packed, but at the moment we do not host any in-person events, just online, in order to maintain social distance. 

Out of all the exhibitions there are, which one would you say is your personal favorite? Why? 

  • As a Latino myself, it would be the Latin American Surrealism because it represents all of us and tells our story through art. 


The NSU Art Museum is captivating to the eye of young adults for its vibrant building and “Happy Clouds” that most people post on their social media representing the museum. It is a type of museum that allows people to enjoy their time admiring beautiful paintings, an impactful section dedicated to Constructivism exhibits, and upstairs several art installations capture the eyes of visitors. Beyond such beauty there is a sense of unity through a diverse culture as several artists are represented and each given the appropriate value and importance –  Latin American, African, Native American, and an emphasis on women artists. Moreover, time can be felt through these exhibitions as they all come from different eras and showcase their importance in history, including the effect of the current pandemic; in fact, one of the art installations is a live camera that records life during COVID-19, facing a park where people usually play but now it is empty or with a few people covered by masks. This museum is inspiring and it allows you to connect to your inner self and, as an immigrant, you feel understood in the Surrealism section found on the second floor. As a museum lover, I appreciate the fact that there is a balance between colorful, joyful, and light-hearted type of art with history and deep meaning behind each artwork. 


Goethals, Kelley, et al. “About the Museum.” NSU Art Museum Fort Lauderdale, Kelley Goethals Https://, 23 June 2020, 

Valys, Phillip. “A Brief History of the NSU Art Museum Fort Lauderdale.” SouthFlorida, South Florida Sun-Sentinel, 5 Apr. 2019, 

Luzmariana Iacono: Miami as Text 2020-2021

Luzmariana Iacono in Doral, Florida, 2020

Luzmariana Iacono is a driven individual in her junior year at the honors College in Florida International University. She is double majoring in Marketing and International Business and is passionate about the entrepreneurial aspect of business. Artistic by nature, Luzmariana recently started her own career in the beauty industry as a professional Makeup Artist with a specialisation in Editorial and Avant-Garde makeup. She is trilingual and even if she has been living in Miami for less than a decade, she enjoys the culturally mixed environment and hopes to learn more about its history and hidden beauties through this course.   

Deering as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)
“Culturally Mixed”

By Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Deering Estate, 9 September 2020

The Deering Estate narrates the story of a culturally mixed past through its two building structures and captivating surroundings. Charles Deering was a wealthy industrialist who, alongside his brother, remained stuck in the United States during World War I without any economic power over their family company. 

A lonely mind and soul becomes creative, so he decided to replicate his adventures in Europe by including bits and pieces of culture in every detail of the two buildings. Initially, Samuel H.Richmond had built a pioneer home for his family, but in 1900 an addition to the home was built and open to the public – “The Richmond Hotel” became the first hotel between Coconut Grove and Key West (Deering Foundation Inc). In 1922, Charles Deering decided to let his melancholic state of mind flow by constructing the Mediterranean revival-style Stone House (Deering Foundation Inc). The Spanish villa with Islamic influence was the beginning of Miami. The domes were of islamic influence, the replication of a Spanish mosaic using shells and ocean elements were beautifully placed in the ceiling outside the villa. The intricate details of serpents, seahorse, amongst other creatures in the capitals give off the Mediterranean feeling. 

From the outside, these buildings transport you to another era, and once you enter an overwhelming feeling of calmness mixed with mischief narrate the story of Charles Deering. There is a sense of tranquility once you enter the Christian room where two beautiful stained glasses illuminated from behind depict the history of Jesus – back then churches were the only place that were clean and pure enough to transmit peace among the chaos and illnesses that took place in Spain. Regardless of his religious inclinations shown throughout the villa, there was a hidden liquor storage room that smelled like danger – remember the Prohibition era? Well they survived it by illegally storing and drinking alcohol in the basement. Only after the passing of hurricane Andrew, people were able to discover this hidden treasure. Behind those walls and immense garden, between the Chinese panels and furnitures, the steel work on the doors, and the Islamic inspired domes, a story of art and culture is written. 

Works Cited 

“Deering Estate History: Historic Miami Mansion & Gardens.” Deering Estate, 26 Mar. 2020,

South Beach as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)
“Beautiful, Dark Secret”

By Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at South Beach, 23 September 2020

Miami Beach, as beautifully seen in the movies and a dreamed vacation by many, is the place where people go to disconnect from the daily worries and connect to their fun, young-like attitude and enjoy the beauty that surrounds them. No one would guess that the way Miami Beach was born would create such disparity between the initial inhabitants of the land with those pioneers, like Carl Fisher and John Collins, who came to revolutionize everything. 

Carl Fisher discovered what he named Miami Beach (originally Ocean Beach) in 1910 in the form of a wasteland, full of mangroves and palmettos. He saw the economic potential of the area, and alongside John Collins, they began transforming it into a tourist resort by substituting the mangroves with buildings and bridges. However, in order to achieve this, they needed laborers and black people – yes, racism was palpable – just to shut them out right after all the hotels and restaurants were built. Segregation between black and white Americans was so strict that there was even a specific beach (Virginia Key beach) for them to go to since they were shunned from the rest. When Jews began settling in the area in the 19th century, they were also discriminated against as they were only allowed to live in the South side of 5th street; they even had to live with the reality that restaurants and hotels had signs such as “Gentiles Only” prohibiting their entrance. 

Out of this dark historical past filled with racism, discrimination, and exploitation we can now admire different art styles in the juxtaposing buildings. There is a mix between Mediterranean revival, MiMo architectural style, and Art Deco and they would not be able to be admired now if it were not for the activist and preservationist Barbara Baer Capitman. “South Beach’s Art Deco neighborhood was the nation’s first 20th century National Historic District” (Professor Bailly, 2020, In the 1980’s, artists, activists, and preservationists fought in order to prevent money-driven business people and visionaries from erasing years of art and culture from the land with more skyscrapers.  

Art Deco is such a unique style because it was the first architectural movement that tried to resemble machines due to the curved edges and geometric figures. Buildings follow a pattern of three, as they have lines in their facade that give a sense of order and fresh outlook. Not only are these lines highlighted by stronger colors (such as dark blue in resemblance of the ocean), but the buildings also have “eyebrows” that give them a sense of three-dimensionality. Lastly, nothing screams Art Deco more than some vibrant neon lights that would make every tourist and resident feel like they are in another dimension – a fun, carefree view of reality. 

Miami needed places where people can just share unique moments by walking around, eating, and admiring artistic buildings and stores. Deep down there is a longing for the European lifestyle where people have places to enjoy the outdoors and socialize in pedestrian zones, which is why places like Lincoln Road and Espanola Way are usually crowded and lively. What once was a simple desolated area with small streets, cheap dining rooms, and stores later became a classy, enthusiastic, and inspiring place.

Works Cited

Bailly, John William. “South Beach Walking Tour.” John William Bailly – Art Society Conflict Lecture, 3 Apr. 2020,

Bakehouse as Text

Biggest image taken by Andrea Sofia, smaller two images on the side taken by Luzmariana Iacono. Collage edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

“Art is Science’s translator” 

 by Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Bakehouse, October 7th, 2020

When people think of Art, they almost immediately assume that it has nothing to do with the factual evidence that science can provide; but it has everything to do with emotions and the representation of an abstract reality. Meanwhile this can be up for debate, we know with certainty that art is much more than some paintings and sculptures. Art is a language, it has its own voice, and it can be the worldwide translator for Earth’s cry for help.

When visiting the Bakehouse Art Complex, located in Wynwood, my mind was blown at the fact that through clay we could communicate the ongoing problem occurring to Coral Reefs around the world. Lauren Shapiro is the leading artist collaborating with scientists to raise awareness to the environmental issues that are affecting coral reefs: climate change, and ocean acidification being the main factors. When participating in this project, it is inevitable to question “How can we solve this?” and just by asking the question our minds are already open to change.

The project itself consists of molding clay in the form of corals by utilizing silicon-based stencils from real, desiccated corals (which died a natural death and were not extracted for the sole purpose of art). We could incorporate color to our preference, and to create movement in the art piece we could make some pieces taller than the others. However, the best part of this project is when we place all of the corals into a wooden mural, juxtaposing their colors and shapes. Unfortunately due to Covid-19 the project slowed down in its process, but if enough people from the community sign up for their free workshops, the exhibition should take place in November 2020. It is an amazing experience that not only relaxes your mind and body when molding the clay, working it with your hands while listening to nature’s sounds, but it is also informative.

Rubell as Text

Images Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

“Contemporary art – Can you handle it?”

 by Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Rubell Museum, October 21st, 2020

Imagine waking up one day, deciding with your couple that you want to collect art and make a statement about social changes throughout the years, and stereotypical issues that have been affecting the American culture all these years. After collecting art pieces for over 50 years, that’s what the Rubell family had envisioned: a contemporary art museum that would attract tourism and celebrate Miami-based artists as well. There are 40 galleries filled with 300 works by 100 artists (Carway-Carlton, 2020 and through each artist a different, uncomfortable story is showcased.

When entering the museum the first controversial topic that arises is “how does the American perfect family really live when no one is watching?”  Paul McCarthy is an American artist that often utilizes American myths and icons to tell a story, a satire, and utilizes the human body and animalistic figures to portray his message. His work is often seen as disturbing because imagine entering an Art museum and seeing a father next to a son humping a deer. Shocking right? His performance art is considered modern gothic. 

Another American artist that creates art out of the chaotic, distracted, and mundane american lifestyle is Purvis Young. He began drawing and later painting when serving his time in jail, he was convicted for a felony, and what makes him special is the fact that nothing and no one could stop his imaginative flow. He would paint with an idea in mind, but not an exact sketch, and his usual themes were pregnant women, angels (regular people), boat people (refugees), and funerals. He narrates the story of African Americans in the South during times of war, the Great Depression, and societal conflicts. His portraits do not represent the standard of “beautiful art” that people look for, but they make you feel something – confusion, pain, a sense of nostalgia – and not everyone is capable of appreciating that, as they feel something better could have been done to portray the same idea. 

Our society is so outspoken about giving women the power they deserve, trying to flee away from the patriarchal viewpoints that have ruled us in the past, and reinventing societal “roles.” But where are the actions that bring forth this thinking process? Where are we truly making the difference? if even a painting of a naked woman is too controversial for some. In the Rubell Museum, visitors are challenged to see how society unjustly classifies women based on their race and their attitude towards sexuality. They can admire the works of Tschabalala Self, Two Girls and Milk Chocolate, where women are posing naked as if to question the audience “Is this what you think of me? Is my body a sexual object to you?” Race and sexualisation of the feminine body are topics that are rarely given the proper importance because our society is so used to over-sexualising everything that we turn people into objects of desire. Another artist that stirs a conversation about women’ values being connected to their sexuality is Marlene Dumas. Her painting Miss January depicts a woman in a power pose position, standing tall, looking straight at you and not with a submissive look. She’s naked, she’s embracing her Diva role freely. But why is this so revolutionary and controversial? Because in the past women have always been painted (and treated as) the weaker sex, with an obedient look, almost inferior to men. Even if things began changing, this painting was the first one created by a woman and not a man, representing female empowerment and equality by a simple pose. 

The Rubell Museum showcases the works of multiple artists, conglomerating multicultural ideas into contemporary American art. All of these works tell a story, whether it be social inequality, women and their sexuality, the LGBTQ community, oppression, and economic changes. Art is not always meant to be beautiful, but it has to make you feel something, and it is usually the simplest statements that will get people to discuss them (like when the artist Maurizio Cattelan taped a banana in the wall at Art Basel in Miami Beach). As a famous quote states, beauty is in the eye of the beholder – so what do you see? 

Works Cited

Caraway-Carlton, Angela. Rubell Family Museum, 29 Apr. 2020,

Deering Hike as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

“Hiking through Time”

 by Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Deering Estate, November 4th, 2020

Entering the Deering Estate is an out of this world experience – imagine escaping the traffic, the chaotic life in Miami to go on a trip with the past? Hiking through the Deering estate means going from one scenario to another, seeing pine trees in one area, and going through a swamp in the other just to continue the journey. The exposed roots in the swamp were there to make you trip as a way of saying “stop and remember who inhabited this place before” in fact, the Tekesta touched this soil before us and left their imprints. Some natural rocks can be found if looking attentively, they are shaped like leafs and if held correctly the thumb fits perfectly and they become a weapon. Given the lack of modern gear, those natural objects were used as knives to either cut branches, kill the prey, and excavate. It is also essential to notice how shells were found with two parallel holes where a branch could fit perfectly, and suddenly, these shells were another tool to excavate through the soil. 

Continuing through what looks like an eternal jungle, with the entrance similar to the one described by Dante’s Inferno, the life of Freemasons is documented through their carved symbol inside a water well. This mysterious well adorned by climbing plants makes you question what was once there, were dead bodies hidden there? Or was it used for their sacred rituals? Following through similar tracks, history narrates that under a majestic Oak tree lies the tombs of ancestors. The Oak tree is symbolic of life, so it is impressive to see the poetry of life and death in one place. 

During the hike it is important to recognize some important trees and plants, including the Gumbo Limbo tree recognizable by its red and peeling bark. This tree can cure you from poison and if one of its branches falls, another tree can spring from it. There is also an area covered by Pine trees that immediately transports you to Christmas time. However, while walking through those grandiose trees one needs to watch out for Poison Ivy as it will leave a rash (it can be recognized by its 3 leaflets). 

There are two different areas where it is important to let go of the fear of insects and submerge yourself in the swamp to learn more about Miami’s history. In one place, a crashed airplane can be noticed and learning its history, one will be surprised to discover that it was never reported. Luckily, everyone survived the plane crash but one can speculate that the reason why the incident was not reported was because the plane was transporting cocaine or any other illegal drug. In another area, while admiring the work done by acid that corroded the porous limestone (solution holes), there is a pipeline trail that tells the story of ancient civilizations in Miami. 

The Deering Estate is an environmental, archeological, and historical preserve that allows tourists to learn more about Miami’s history – the beginning of it. Cutler road alone goes back to 10,000 years of history! Hiking through this place is like going back to history and coming back anew. 

Downtown Miami as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

A Walk to Remember”

 by Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Downtown Miami, November 25th, 2020

Downtown Miami, at first glance, is all about living in the present – no reminiscing of past cultures and dwellings. The beautiful skyscrapers dominate the skyline and combined with the peaceful water view of the river, it’s the perfect getaway. If we try to ignore the chaos caused by traffic, and the noise of the forever under-construction sites, we can hear the cries of our geographical ancestors, the Tekestas, as they were wiped away from their own land. 

When speaking of the history of Downtown Miami, we must remember two names: Henry Morrison Flager and Major Francis Longhorn Dade. They both contributed to the construction of Miami and the re-civilization of it; Flager was known for bringing the Florida East Coast railroad system with the heavy work of the inhabitants of the area, only to banish them right after they were done working. He saw the potential and decided that in order for tourism to thrive, and to make commuting easier, he had to provide a transportation service. Julia Tuttle had a similar mindset, she wanted Miami to thrive and become the spot for people to admire and spend time in, therefore, she bought an extensive amount of land to better manage the territories. Major Francis Longhorn Dade, on the other hand, was involved in the Second Seminole War when he actually lost his life from the battle. It was such an historical moment that the county changed its name to “Dade”, not realizing that depending on the perspective on which the story is told, he was not such a hero after all. They were trying to remove and displace American Indians from what was considered the “white” settlements, full of riches. In simple terms, it was a genocide masked into a fair battle of power. 

The Miami Circle at Brickell Point is what mostly caught my attention as I consider it to be the only place where people could really reconnect with their terrestrial ancestors. It is a national historic landmark, and it feels like a sacred space because  it is surrounded by 24 holes that represent what once was a building where Tequestas used to spend most of their time in. Downtown Miami is truly a place full of surprises, the archeological findings brought alive by the need of creating new buildings that wipe down years of history are countless. It is thanks to them that we now have a sense of understanding of how much simpler life was, and how racial division played a role in its foundation.

Everglades as Text

Images Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

Nature’s Call to Silence” 

by Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Everglades, January 13th, 2021  

The first year I moved to Miami, I remember being asked “What? You haven’t been to the Everglades yet? You have to go at least once!” and I asked myself “what’s so special about a National Park?”. At first I was not convinced of going because I am scared of most wild life there is, and seeing crocodiles right near me was not in my plans, but I decided to give it a try by going to the airboat ride. I liked it, but not as much as actually going slugging. 

The adventure begins before the actual event, as the tour guides thoroughly explain the history of the Everglades and how Lake Okeechobee influences it. Starting in Kissimmee, Orlando the lake extends all the way down to Florida Bay bringing freshwater to the Everglades, depending on whether it is a period of high water or low water. There was a time when the lake and river overflowed, therefore, it was decided to restrict the flow by opening up canals that would direct the water towards the ocean and not inland. Those decisions seemed reasonable at the time, but now it is harder to manage water if there is a lack of it, and it is of poor quality. Sometimes we think we are doing society a favor, but maintaining a healthy ecosystem and not completely disrupting nature’s work could be the best solution to societal issues. 

Who would have thought that enjoying some quietness in the wilderness would have been so therapeutic? Trying to get as far away from the noise of the outside world seemed to be impossible, until we stayed silently observing – nature staying still – Cypress trees all around us, some birds chirping cautiously, and even if we did not see any crocodiles while momentarily invading their home, I am sure they were quietly waiting for us to leave. The water was cold, but it fit perfectly with the words of a local poet who got inspired by the same views we were experiencing.       

The silence around us hugged my uncertainties and gave me a sense of belonging that I have never thought I would experience by simply staying still.

Wynwood as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

“Art Follows No Rules” 

By Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at The Margulies Collection, January 27, 2021  

When entering a museum, one expects to learn more about art while enjoying the beauty of it but a contemporary art museum challenges you to see life under a different perspective. Someone who is not familiar with Marcel Duchamp would be perplexed when seeing how a literal mess in the corner of a room can be considered art; according to him, the emphasis should be placed on the idea behind the masterpiece instead of on the aesthetic only. Learning more about Duchamp’s history and influence in the art world, I could not help but wonder 

“Why do humans like to complicate their lives by wanting to solve an enigma through art instead of just enjoying its beauty?” an unfinished, deconstructed piece will make you question its meaning, leaving visitors with more questions than answers. 

The Margulies Collection is interesting because there is a nice balance between artworks that can be immediately understood and others that are a complete mystery. For example, Anselm Kiefer’s installation “The Secret of the Ferns” is impactful because upon entering the room you are surrounded by pictures and two concrete structures resembling the gas chambers. It is inevitable not to experience a sense of helplessness and mourning when seeing such structures, remembering how cruel humanity once was. On a similar note, George Segal with his “Depression Bread Line” installation evoked a sense of loneliness and despair. Somehow I was able to connect that depressive outlook to what we are currently living with Covid. The pandemic and social distancing brought depression, and it seems like we are all just waiting in line for these tragedies to end. 

On the opposite spectrum, there is a random giant cube sitting in the corner of the room. It definitely does not evoke any emotion, but it does make you question what could possibly be the meaning of it. Sol Lewitt’s “Eight Unit Cube” is one of those installations that explain that empty space is part of the sculpture. How can space be art? It’s simply mind blowing to think that just because a famous artist decides to declare that space to be a sculpture, then it is one. What if someone decides to step in, they are not technically ruining the work but they are still “touching the art”. Ernesto Neto, on the other hand, makes visitors interact with the artwork by filling what seem to be huge tights with different spices. Getting close to them you can smell clover, turmeric, and orange amongst others. This is the aspect of contemporary art that I personally enjoy, being able to experience it. 

The Margulies Collection is one of those private museums that in order to be appreciated, they must be explored thoroughly and with a very informed tour guide. Even then, be ready to be left speechless and yet confused at the same time because some artworks will evoke strong emotions while others will just leave you perplexed.

Bill Baggs as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

“Ocean Waves and the Wars in Between” 

By Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Bill Baggs State Park, 10 February 2021

Drawn by the ocean waves, captivated by the sound of them crashing against the rocks, and submerging myself in the history of that imposing lighthouse. The history of Miami follows a simple pattern: indigenous people were originally living in a place, off the resources that the land could offer until the Spanish took control of the area and used it for their benefit. In this case, Key Biscayne is about 4000 years old, and it is incredible to think that the Tekestas were already living in the land while the island was still forming. They were safely living there until Juan Ponce de Leon decided to claim the “island” and name it Santa Marta to offer it to the King of Spain in 1513. He said that there was fresh water and for a period of time instead of fighting for the ownership of the land, they were trading food (tomatoes, potatoes, and tobacco) – Spain to Florida. However, the lighthouse became a symbol after being used as a political statement during the Seminole Wars. 

Indians were tired of being pushed out of their own land, so on July 23 in 1836 they decided to attack and burn down the lighthouse as a symbol of rebellion. For the Seminoles, this act was a political victory. During the Civil War, it was attacked as well, and it also suffered the destruction from the hurricane that occurred in 1926. After several reconstruction efforts, we can finally see the beautiful lighthouse as it is today. 

Yes, the history of the state park is interesting but nothing can compare to the feeling it brings. What mainly attracted me to this place is the beauty of the crystalline water, the soft and clean sand, and the breathtaking view. It brought back memories of my childhood in Sicily – the beach there is just as beautiful as this one, and learning about its history made me reflect upon the feeling of being an immigrant. The push and pull between wanting a better future and fighting for the sweet memories that a place can bring can all be enclosed in a simple ocean wave.

River of Grass as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

“Lonely Road to Nature’s Beauty”

By Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Everglades, 24 February 2021 

The Everglades never fails to amaze me. I have to admit it is not my favorite place in Florida, but it is definitely a must-visit for everyone, whether you are a nature lover or not. Its flora and fauna are interesting and whenever we get to visit as a class, I feel like I am in one of those National Geographic documentaries where they narrate the animals that could show up unexpectedly and that builds up the adrenaline. Music blasting, driving through an empty rural road, I learned that the Everglades is such a lunatic place because depending on the season (dry or wet) the whole scenery could change. It could either be filled with water, or it could be very dry with just a few puddles. However, one thing that stuck out to me was that it is kept controlled by setting up fires in order to achieve a mixed ecosystem and avoid letting specific plants overpower the land. For example, Brazilian Pepper is an invasive species in the Everglades and because of its overgrowth, native species were not growing as much; therefore, they decided to maintain a varied landscape by undertaking restoration projects. We admired a solution hole, which is a pit that formed in the past when sea level and the water table were lower than present levels, created by the erosion of limestone mixed in with rainfall. But the most exciting, yet not very pleasant, part of the experience was walking through the wetlands to find an abandoned house – the oldest house that pertained to a farmer back in the day. I can only imagine the type of life they led, entirely disconnected from the world in the middle of a swamp. In a way, this reminded me of quarantine life because you are stuck in the house unable to be in contact with the outside world; it quickly became lonely even if we relied on the internet for maintaining relationships and a virtual life.

Frost as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

“Art is a feeling”

by Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Patricia & Phillip Frost Museum, March 10 2021 

Every artist has a different underlying reason for creating something; whether it be the pleasure of showcasing their skills to the world, the need for expressing their wildest thoughts through a specific medium, or even to study more of a specific subject through art. In the exhibition “Accumulate, Classify, Preserve, Display” by Roberto Obregon located in the Patricia & Phillip Frost Art museum, it can be noted that his approach to art was not necessarily for aesthetic purposes. His work follows a similar pattern as Andy Warhol’s art, as he challenged the viewer to pay close attention to one specific subject that can be found in the every-day life – delicate roses. His minimalistic style does not convey the extensive study he has done before accomplishing one single artwork, as he spent over three decades working with 36 roses and dissecting each and every one of their petals. Personally, I consider his work more of an obsession towards the beauty of roses, but in the artworld we understand that they represent something more – they are the symbol for romance, eternity, and sexuality. 

The museum has a distinct personality of its own because following the showcase by artist Roberto Obregon, who has a very minimalistic style and quiet feeling to the room, there is an entire chaotic floor that makes you question “why is this all here?” It is a floor with no labels, just a collection of what seems to be a street market. I was reminded of the carnival I used to celebrate in Italy as I noticed the different masks and puppets, but I was more perplexed when I saw a mirror on the wall. I am right there, standing in the midst of a colorful mess seeing my own reflection. It was a smart decision to place the mirror right in the middle because as the discussion of portraiture arose Professor Bailly gave us a profound quote “Painting is supposed to defeat death (but) you live on with portraiture.” It is amazing to think that before photography we only relied on portraits to remember some important face and hopefully refer back to them while reminiscing about older times and events. Another challenging room was the one right next to it, following the same chaotic vibe but more organized as there was a collection cabinet displaying different objects together. I used to have a collection cabinet at home, and it served as a reminder of the different places I visited and as an adoration of my Catholic religion through an object representing the Holy Trinity. In this area of the museum, thanks to a wall full of masks I questioned whether or not religion should be included in art. It has been the source of inspiration since the beginning of time, just as much as culture has shaped the way in which artists portrayed themselves and showcased in their artwork. So why is it so controversial nowadays to commercialize or even exhibit a religious-based artwork in a museum? It is not the object itself that causes such an argument, but rather the manner in which it is displayed and viewed – not with respect and adoration, but with indifference. There is such a thin line between celebrating religion through art and unknowingly disrespecting other cultures, tribes, and holy figures; we must become more conscious of how we portray an artwork and question whether or not it could be considered an offense to other cultures.

Coral Gables as Text

Photo Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0)

“City out of a Fairytale” 

 by Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Coral Gables, March 24th, 2021

The intricate streets filled with roundabouts, no numbers shown as a reference but just names of each major street, the enormous buildings that look like castles, and the pedestrian-friendly environment that allows people to walk and dream around the city – Coral Gables is all of this. Who would have thought that such a beautiful city was envisioned by someone who used to pick and sell Guavas for a living? George Merrick was a young dreamer, avid reader of poetry books, who grew up to be a visionary businessman whose passion towards his projects was contagious. Coral Gables was considered a “Coconut Grove backcountry” because it was mainly a rural area, a diamond in the making, and George Merrick was in charge to plan and develop a city after his chosen mediterranean style. He formed the “Dream Team” composed of an artist known as Denman Fink, and two architects named H. George Fink and Phineas Paist, and Frank Button who was a landscape artist. Their different professions came together to form a very aesthetically pleasing city, where attention to detail and intentional spaces were created to reconstruct a typical Mediterranean city. Merrick wanted the community to disconnect from reality and enter a dream land which reputation was founded upon luxury and “the life of the party” ambiance. He went around asking people to trust his project and invest in a house that he would have constructed in the years to come, something that nowadays people would not be inclined to do. The Coral Gables Museum through its exhibitions, architecture, and programs is one of the must-visit locations to learn more about the history of Coral Gables. In fact, when we were walking through the different exhibitions I could read the story written in the walls and really picture how life was back then when Merrick was planning the city. However, in order to truly appreciate the luxury of Coral Gables one must visit the Biltmore Hotel. The highly decorated ceilings matching with the carpet, the chandeliers imported from Mexico that are taller than an average person’s height, and the fountains outside the hotel  create the perfect environment for an elegant evening and become part of a tourist attraction. There is also a tower right in front of the hotel which was constructed as a replica of the Giralda Tower of the Cathedral of Seville located in Spain. There is nothing that screams Mediterranean more than actual replicas of structures from European places along with the surrounding limestone buildings that give it a sense of old-style to the city.  

When I first moved to Miami as I was exploring the different cities, Coral Gables struck me because it is the most similar structure to my home country. I wondered why Americans love the Mediterranean style so much? Why is it so appealing to them and how come from a very tropical area one would want to construct something magical instead of exotic? I think I found the answer: it brings a sense of peace and hope. Life in Miami is chaotic, there is always traffic, people running around from job to job with no time in between to relax and focus on the moment. We are always stuck in traffic with a patience level equal to 0 and then we wonder why Europeans look much healthier and relaxed? Because they take time to enjoy a nice walk in a boulevard; they sit down to drink coffee while socializing with new people at a local cafe; they look at old buildings with their beautiful and intricate artwork on the walls and feel a sense of luxury and mystery. I think that the main reason why Coral Gables is considered a rich area, it is not only for its buildings, but also because people who live can at least attempt to lead a lifestyle that is more focused on the present – something that can be achieved by simply walking around a beautiful landscape and dreaming of a better future, just like Merrick had envisioned.  

Vizcaya as Text

Image Taken and Edited by Luzmariana Iacono (CC by 4.0).

“Vizcaya: where Extravagance meets Elegance” 

By Luzmariana Iacono of FIU at Vizcaya Museum & Gardens, 7 April 2021  

Taken by surprise by a grandiose entrance, adorned by trees, and welcomed by steps made of fountains that go in descending order I find myself walking towards a villa thinking I am in a storybook settled in Italy. The Vizcaya Museum & Gardens is a must-visit place for those who want to visit a little bit of Europe in this tropical Miami. One is able to appreciate the Mediterranean revival architecture, French renaissance features and with Baroque style carefully chosen by James Deering with his team: Burrall Hoffman was the architect, Paul Chalfin the design director, and Diego Suarez the landscape architect. 

They say that someone’s house represents their energy and James Deering definitely left a mark with this villa as it is very egocentric and rich looking. The villa has a flow that goes from a very chaotic colorful room to a toned-down environment. What I find interesting is how it is divided and its hidden rooms and treasures. For example, in front of the office there is a room behind a fake library, and once you enter there you find yourself in a very elegant space with an enormous chandelier, couches, and vivid paintings. Back then making international phone calls was a mission, but James Deering had to be the owner of one in order to offer his guests an unforgettable experience. Near the room where people would gather and enjoy their time together dancing while overlooking outside the stained glass windows, there is a pantry with very clever features. The floor is made out of cork to isolate the noise, there is a food elevator to make food deliveries easier, and there is even a box that would light up whenever people needed room service (like a ring). There were 35 servants working in the house to maintain everything clean and classy so that when reunions would take place, guests would feel like they have entered another world. 

The gardens tell a story of older times, between the intricate labyrinth that allows people to get lost in the beauty of nature. I could picture two lovebirds coming from two different backgrounds (one rich, one a servant) fall in love and go on secret dates in the garden. There are sculptures and fountains all over, and there is even a space where one can admire the famous italian symbol of the “Mouth of Truth” which is a sculpture of a face that holds a mythical meaning. In several spaces both inside and outside the villa, there are little details that refer to myths or gods of older times, for example the god of wine is featured in the backdoor entrance where he is positioned in front of a bathtub that was filled with wine. James Deering wanted his guests to perceive Vizcaya as a party place where alcohol, music, and sex were the main focus. 

When walking around the house, I could not help but remain hesitant to accept that what in some places is considered sacred, here is solely treated as decoration. For example, there is a painting of the Virgin Mary in one of the biggest rooms but She is not seen as a religious figure. The emphasis is placed on worldly life pleasures and not on the divine, even if it is constantly imitated through the sculptures. I understand Spaniards wanted to convert Tequestas into Christianity and even if James Deering romanticized this idea and celebrated Ponce de Leon, he showcased the complete opposite.